Well drilling expectationsEverybody loves the idea of having a constant supply of water in their homes. However, not everyone is lucky enough to get access to such. This is because the primary way of getting clean and safe water is through the public water system, and it is usually not accessible everywhere. Well, an excellent alternative would be to get a well. Clueless about the water well drilling process? Do not worry, here we will take through everything you need to know.

What is required to drill a well?

There are three different ways of drilling a well, and each one of them requires one to use a different set of tools. So to answer the above question, we will go through each method keenly and highlight the critical tools used.

  1. Jetting

Key Equipment Needed

  • Well drilling rig
  • Well Pump
  • Tripod

Process

  1. Contractors first use the pump to push water down the drilling rig’s pipe and out through a nozzle. By doing so, they loosen the sediment.
  2. Once the grounds are loose, the water (now mixed with the cuttings) starts flowing up to the surface.
  • As soon as the cuttings get to the surface, the water well pump takes the water back into the ground through the pipe, just like in the first step.
  1. After that, using a tripod, the contractors suspend the drill pipe and rotate it using their hands. Doing so helps in keeping the well perfectly straight as the drilling takes place till the end.

 

  1. Mud Rotary Drilling

Key Equipment Needed

  • Drill rig (Mud Rotary)
  • Rotary Mud
  • Water

 

Process

  1. Rotary mud is fed into the rig and pumped down into the ground through the rig pipe. It then flows out through the bit, which begins to move into the soil.
  2. With the bit continuing to perforate the ground, the rotary mud circulates and starts removing the cuttings.

Apart from removing cuttings, the mud also helps in cooling and lubricating the bit.

  • The mud then flows to the surface carrying with it the cuttings in suspension.
  1. Once mud reaches the surface, it is conditioned and then recirculated down the hole. Doing so helps in preventing any down-hole issues as drilling continues to completion.

Additional Information

  • Water is the primary fluid used for rotary drilling. Water well drillers usually mix it with chemicals to increase density to improve the support of the hole.

 

  1. Cable Tool Drilling/Percussion Drilling/ Spudding

Key Equipment Needed

  • Cable tool rig (Drilling Tools)
  • Wire rope
  • Tubular Bailer

 

 

Process

  1. The drillers start by suspending drilling tools using a wire rope. The devices are then lifted and dropped to hit the bottom part of the hole. By doing this, they fracture the formation.
  2. When the crushed particles mix with water (initially in the hole or added inside), a slurry begins to form.
  • The blow rate usually falls between forty and sixty strokes per minute. Because of the characteristics left on the cable, the bit turns and hits a different area in the hole at each strike.
  1. In case the bit is unable to maneuver through the mixture of water-cuttings, the drillers remove the equipment.
  2. They then install a tubular bailer to pick and remove the unwanted mixture. As soon as the process is complete, drilling resumes until the desired depth is reached.

 

How Far should a well be from the house?

This is one of the most common questions that come up when people discuss water well drilling. Anyway, it is not a surprise as these kinds of measurements usually confuse a lot of people.

According to experts, the minimum distance from a well to the house (property line) should be 10 ft.

 

Can you run two houses off one well?

Can you run two houses off one well? Yes, you can. In essence, two homes can get a constant supply of water from one well. When this happens, we now refer to it as a shared well.

Nonetheless, the effectiveness of such a process depends on a few factors. Some of these factors include;

  1. The type of pump in use
  2. Voltage and HP
  • Diameter of the well
  1. The water table’s depth
  2. The diameter of the inlet pipe (this applies when you are using an above the ground pump)

 

 

What type of well is best for homes?

There are three main types of wells, namely;

  • Drilled Well
  • Dug Well
  • Driven Well

 

  1. Drilled Well

Experts construct this well using a rotary drill machine that digs thousands of feet below the ground.

  1. Driven Well

Here a pipe with a small diameter is driven into water-bearing sand either by hand or a machine.

  • Dug Well

One can create this kind of well by simply digging the ground using a hand shovel.

So, which one of these three wells is the best for homes? Drilled wells.

The reason is that they are usually more profound than the other types. With a deep well, the chances of water contamination are meager.

 

How deep should a well be for drinking water?

According to experts, a home well used to supply drinking water should not be less than 100 feet deep. By digging such a deep well (100 feet or more), one allows maximum ground filtration. Ground filtration is what removes impurities from the water, making it safe for consumption.

 

 

Is well water good for your health?

Yes, drinking well water is good for your health because it contains several minerals that our bodies need. A few examples of these minerals include; calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, and iron.

 

Conclusion

If you live in an area where getting water is an uphill task, you should consider drilling a well. The well will not only provide a constant supply of water for home use but also consumption.

If you decide to get one, make sure you hire a skilled well-drilling contractor to do the job for you. At EW Bank Drilling, we have a team of experienced and certified experts who will provide you with top-notch water well drilling services. Therefore, if you need our services, do not hesitate to reach out to us.

For well drilling services contact below

OKC Area

Tulsa Area