Owning a well comes with multiple advantages. Among the benefits is the reduced cost of water bills and permanent access to freshwater. However, all of these things do come at a price. For one, you occasionally need to do repairs on various parts of the well system. Now, doing repairs is not a simple task as many would like to think. This is so, especially if you do not know how to go about it. Luckily, today, we have prepared a fact sheet to take you through everything you need to know about the world of well repair.
How to Fix a Broken Well Casing?
A well casing is a tubular structure that prevents the well shaft from collapsing. There are three main types of casings; concrete, PVC, and steel casings. Each one has its advantages and disadvantages and can be used depending on your specific requirements.
Prolonged exposure to heat has been identified as the key cause of damaged casings. Such casings often allow surface water to reach aquifers. This, in many cases, leads to the contamination of well water with bacteria and viruses. That is why it is essential to take necessary measures to fix the problem as soon as it occurs.
Here is a step by step guide on what you need to do;
1. Identify and Isolate the Damage
You can do so by either visual identification or looking for secondary markers.
· Visual Identification
This involves using your eyes to point out where the damage is. Although effective, the method is only used when the damage is close to the surface. This is because you can easily use the natural light entering the well.
- Crouch down on your knees and lower your head into the well’s opening.
- Scan through the shaft while searching for deformities on the casing. You may also use a torch to reach deeper and darker zones.
One of the visible symptoms of a cracked casing is the browning of the steel caused by rusting. You may also see signs of wear and tear.
In damaged concrete casings, you may spot signs of depreciation and loose particles.
· Looking for Secondary Markers
When water leaks around the well casing, the problem will manifest in faucets. In essence, tap water may start looking cloudy and contain sand and dirt. In some cases, it may even have an abnormal bacteria concentration. If you notice such, there are high chances that your well casing has an issue.
2. Repair the Well Casing
Once you have identified an issue, you can start the repair process.
NOTE: Repairing a well casing is not something well owners should try on their own. This is mainly because they lack the equipment and knowledge, which are essential in this case. Therefore, they should seek help from professionals.
If you do hire an expert, he/she will follow the following well repair procedure;
- Remove the well headcover
- Cut and remove the damaged case to create room for a new casing.
- Run a patch through tubing to cover the patch.
Can You Fix a Collapsed Well?
Once your well collapses, it is easy for you to think that all is lost. However, that is not exactly the case. This is because, most of the time, a well can be fixed, depending on where the damage is.
For example, if the damage is below the casing and involves a lot of soil, an expert may try and implement a technique known as “developing.”
Developing is a well repair solution that consists of jetting pressurized water into a well and pumping the mixture out. Thereafter, the damage is repaired and the walls sealed off using a well-sealing liner.
Should You Cover Your Well Head?
Yes, it is necessary to cover your wellhead. Doing so prevents contaminants, pets, and animals from reaching the aquifer. It is also a great way of ensuring you have access to fresh water with little purification expenses. Of course, we cannot forget that it prevents well-related accidents.
The most common way of covering your wellhead is by use of well covers/caps. There are several types available in the market, and you can choose any that suits your needs.
Below are a few examples;
- Concrete Water Well Covers
- Steel Caps
- PVC Caps
How Much Does it Cost to Repair a Well?
This is not a question that has a straightforward answer. The reason for this is that the cost of repairing a well depends on a number of factors. Some of these factors include; the depth of the well, type of casing, and pump.
For instance, deeper wells are more expensive to repair. They often require experienced personnel and heavy equipment. If you account for all of that, you will find yourself spending over $5000.
Also included in well repair projects are well pumps. Most wells are equipped with submersible pumps. Repairing a well pump such usually costs anything between $100 and $800.
NOTE: This is just a rough estimate, and the prices may vary depending on your specific needs and any other additions. This explains why it is advisable to bring water well repair experts to give you the most accurate quotations.
Water Well Rehabilitation
This is a process that involves thoroughly cleaning clogged well screens and doing major repairs. It is often done when the well’s yield drops by around 25% or is filled with floodwater.
There are two critical methods of rehabilitating a water well, and they include;
- Use of Physical Methods
- Use of Chemicals.
1. Physical Methods
Physical methods include processes such as; hydro-jetting, fracturing, and well surging. Here the main idea is to use pressurized water to exert a force on contaminants in the well. By contaminants, we are referring to things like; debris, moss, and sediments. The force exerted on them causes them to become loose and mix with the water. Once this happens, the mixture is then pumped out. What is left at the end of this process is a clean well.
2. Chemical Treatment
Under this method, chemicals are pumped into the well to kill harmful microorganisms and any well water contamination.. As soon as everything is cleared, the water is pumped out of the well.
If properly executed, well repair can play an integral role in ensuring that your water well continues to serve you for years to come. On the flip side, failure to correctly and swiftly repair your well could bring about all sorts of losses. Therefore, always ensure that you spot issues quickly and do the necessary.
If at all you are new to all of this or not well versed in well repair matters, we can help you. You can reach us through our office number or email. Once you do so, we will guide you through and execute everything for you.